<philosophical terminology> the relation that holds between a term and the things to which it applies; see sense / reference. Recommended Reading: A. W. Moore, Meaning and Reference (Oxford, 1993); The Varieties of Reference, ed. by Gareth Evans, Garbeth Evans, and John McDowell (Oxford, 1983); P. T. Geach, Reference and Generality: An Examination of Some Medieval and Modern Theories (Cornell, 1962); The Frege Reader, ed. by Michael Beaney (Blackwell, 1997); and The New Theory of Reference - Kripke, Marcus, and Its Origins, ed. by Paul W. Humphreys and James H. Fetzer (Kluwer, 1999).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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