composition fallacy of

<philosophy of science, logic> the informal fallacy of attributing some feature of the members of a collection to the collection itself, or reasoning from part to whole. Example: "Each of the elements in this compound (NaCl) is poisonous to human beings; therefore, this compound is itself poisonous to human beings."

[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]

<2001-10-15>

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Nearby terms: component « composite « composition « composition fallacy of » compositionality » compound proposition » computability theory