<biography, history of philosophy> English philosopher (1670-1722). Toland's Christianity not Mysterious (1696) offered a purely rational defense of god's existence and relation to the natural world, marking a transition between the philosophy of John Locke and the rise of Deism. Recommended Reading: Robert Rees Evans, Pantheisticon: The Career of John Toland (Peter Lang, 1991) and Stephen Daniel, John Toland: His Methods, Manners, and Mind (McGill Queens, 1984).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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