<philosophical terminology> literally, love of wisdom. Hence, careful thought about the fundamental nature of the world, the grounds for human knowledge, and the evaluation of human conduct. As an academic discipline, philosophy's chief branches include logic, metaphysics, epistemology, and ethics, and the appropriate aims and methods of each are the concern of metaphilosophy. Recommended Reading: Nigel Warburton, Philosophy: The Basics (Routledge, 1999); Thomas Nagel, What Does It All Mean: A Very Short Introduction to Philosophy (Oxford, 1987); Simon Blackburn, Think: A Compelling Introduction to Philosophy (Oxford, 1999); The Great Philosophers: An Introduction to Western Philosophy, ed. by Bryan Magee (Oxford, 2000); Martin Cohen, 101 Philosophy Problems (Routledge, 1999); and Antony Flew, Introduction to Western Philosophy: Ideas and Argument from Plato to Popper (Thames & Hudson, 1989).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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