<history of philosophy, biography> French philosopher and literary theorist (1924-1998). Lyotard maintained in Le Diffèrend (The Differend) (1983) that human discourses occur in any number of discrete and incommensurable realms, none of which is privileged to pass judgment on the success or value of any of the others. Thus, in conomie libidinale (Libidinal Economy) (1974), La Condition postmoderne: Rapport sur le savoir (The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge) (1979), and Au juste: Conversations (Just Gaming) (1979), Lyotard attacked contemporary literary theories and encouraged experimental discourse unbounded by excessive concern for truth. Recommended Reading: Jean-Francois Lyotard, Political Writings, tr. by Kevin P. Geiman (Minnesota, 1993); Jean-Francois Lyotard, The Inhuman: Reflections on Time, tr. by Rachel Bowlby and Geoffrey Bennington (Stanford, 1992); The Lyotard Reader, ed. by Andrew Benjamin (Blackwell, 1989); Jean-Francois Lyotard, Phenomenology, tr. by Brian Beakley (SUNY, 1991); Jean-Francois Lyotard, Postmodern Fables, tr. by Georges Van Den Abbeele (Minnesota, 1999); James Williams, Lyotard: Towards a Modern Philosophy (Polity, 1998); David Carroll, Paraesthetics: Foucault, Lyotard, Derrida (Routledge, 1987); James Williams, Lyotard and the Political (Routledge, 2000); Judging Lyotard, ed. by Andrew Benjamin (Routledge, 1992); and Jean-Francois Lyotard: Time and Judgment, ed. by Robert Harvey and Lawrence R. Schehr (Yale, 2001).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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