<history of philosophy, biography> english clergyman and philosopher (1692-1752). Butler's Fifteen Sermons upon Human Nature (1726) attempted to establish human morality in the moderation of self-love by the authority of a divinely-provided conscience, and his The Analogy of Religion, Natural and Revealed, to the Constitution and Course of Nature (1736) defended revealed religion in the face of deistic challenges. Recommended Reading: Terence Penelhum, Butler (Routledge, 1986).
[A Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names]
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